Everything You Need To Know About Pollination
If you have a garden, no matter how small or big it is – you know that certain plants need pollination. Most often it occurs naturally if the beneficial insects are attracted to your garden, however, if you notice that there is no flowering or fruiting in your garden – there is something wrong with pollination. Here you will find all you need to know about pollination, so read on.
Garden Pollination Basics
Bee Pollinating Dandelion
Pollination is a process of plant reproduction that leads to the development of various flowers, fruit, but most importantly new seeds. There is a common misconception that in order for pollination to occur, there need to be beneficial insects, such as bees. However, that is not entirely true. Some plants are self-pollinators, while others depend on winds or even other plants. To understand how the plants are pollinated it is essential to eliminate the pollination problems.
Cross-Pollination VS Self-Pollinators
During pollination process, pollen is being transferred from the male part of the flower to female part. There are two ways of plant pollination: self-pollinators and cross-pollinators. Self-pollinators can be reproduced by their own flowers, and they face less risks of being cross-pollinated by other varieties.
Moreover, there are cross-pollinators that rely on other flowers for pollination. Pollen is transferred by insects or wind, therefore, usually the seeds of cross-pollinators can get contaminated by other plant varieties. Sometimes when different varieties cross-breed the results might be quite unpredictable: they can be sterile or produce a hybrid. A hybrid is a result of crossing between two various pure plant varieties. There are two types of hybrids, one F1 – that refers to the crossing of the two pure parent plants, another is F2 refers to the plants produced by the second generation of pure parents.
Common Pollination Problems
Among the most pollinating problems might be the low bee activity or lack of other beneficial insects. The lack of insects can be caused by chemicals that are used in the garden. Another thing that affects pollination is heavy rain or strong winds, including fluctuations in temperatures. In order to avoid this problems use less chemicals in the garden and try to protect your garden from weather influence.