Bridges in Japanese Garden Design
Bridges in Japanese garden are very different in design and appearance. Any bridge always connects two banks of a reservoir. The bridge can be made of wood and stone. Most often a bridge is a continuation or part of the pathway. However, bridges in Japanese garden often play a decorative role.
Types of Bridges in Japanese Garden Design
Yatsuhashi zigzag bridge
For example, a small humpbacked bridge, thrown across the stream, may be intended solely for review from a certain point of the garden. There are no leading pathways to such bridge, and it is not designed for walking. If wooden buildings dominate in the Japanese garden, the bridge must be made of wood too. If the garden is decorated mostly with stone, than a bridge made of solid granite slab or flat stone is more appropriate.
Yatsuhashi zigzag bridges are popular in Japanese gardens and highly specific. Such bridge has a polygonal configuration, symbolizing complicated way to comprehend the truth. In some cases, planks of the Yatsuhashi bridge is not fixed. Most often Yatsuhashi bridge has eight fractures. However, there are bridges with three or five planks. Such bridges are more common in Chinese gardens , but in Japan they can be seen quite often. Zigzag bridge can pass through the cultivated wetland and even across the pond to be part of the pathway laid over the lawn.
The design of the wooden bridge is simple: wooden planks are just put on the supports, which are dug into the ground with reinforced crossbar. Nails and other metal fittings are not used traditionally. Yatsuhashi ridge can be made of stone. In this case, no support is needed. Stone bridge canvases are stacked right on the gravel. Such bridge is like a stone bridge crossing over the stream, for which stones are carefully selected not only by height, but also by texture. They can be quite different in shape and size, but they have to be well integrated. Stone paths in the Japanese garden can be made of processed stones.