How To Plant Tree Properly?
Trees are beautiful! Trees are awesome! First, they release oxygen into the atmosphere; and second, they add greenery and shelter to an urban landscape. Take the time to follow the correct planting procedure for your tree to give it the best chance of a long, healthy life.
Tips for plating trees appropriately
Plant your tree at the correct time of year. This depends on your climate; newly planted trees grow best in mild temperatures and in moderate rainfall. Spring and fall planting give new trees the time to take root and settle into their new home before the extreme heat of summer or plummeting temperatures of winter. Check the USDA website (see Resources) for guidance for the particular type of tree you want to plant.
Dig a hole in your soil, no deeper than that in which it was originally grown. If the hole is too deep, the tree’s roots will not receive enough oxygen. If the hole is too narrow, the roots will not have room to expand and provide structure for the tree. Create a hole at least three times as wide as the diameter of the root ball, container or spread of bare roots.
Break up glaze in a hole in clay soil by scraping a fork across the bottom and sides of the hole. The glaze creates a barrier around the hole, and prevents water reaching the tree. Cut away synthetic or plastic burlap from balled and burlapped trees. Natural burlap should be pulled back from the top third of the ball. Remove all string or twine. Lift your tree by the ball rather than the trunk and place it in its hole. Add backfill soil made from peat moss, composted manure and top soil to the height of the ball. Take care not to compress backfill soil too much; gentle compression with your hands will suffice and allow enough water to reach the roots.
Remove the container from a container tree. Metal and plastic containers should be removed completely and the sides should be torn away from fiber containers. Check the roots of the container tree; if they are very tightly compressed, gently separate them with your fingers or a blunt tool. A shovel may be required to spread roots that are very tightly compacted. Pulling apart the roots helps them to expand beyond the dimensions of the original container. Breaking up the soil around the planting zone will encourage the roots to spread further and increases their resilience in new soil conditions. Backfill the original soil into the hole to the soil level of the container.
Plant a bare-rooted tree as soon as possible after you bring it home. Make sure the roots are kept moist until planting. Bare-rooted trees should have a large quantity of healthy, fine root hairs. Prune any broken or damaged roots. Build a cone of earth in the middle of the hole, which the roots should be spread around. Seat the tree on top of the cone, leaving the flare of the trunk visible and the crown (the point where the roots and top join) around 2 inches above soil level.
Add suitable fertilizing products to the soil to help the roots establish themselves. Fertilize the soil surrounding the hole as well as in the hole itself to encourage root expansion. Mycorrhizal Fungi is an effective, all-natural product for newly planted trees. It promotes root system growth and increases resistance to potentially harmful fungi.